§ denoteS graduate student author
‡ denotes undergraduate mentee

Google Scholar Site


Schuppe, E.R.§, MIles, M.C.§, and Fuxjager, M.J. in press. Evolution of the androgen receptor: perspectives from human health to dancing birds. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology.

Miles, M.C.§, Schuppe, E.R.§, and Fuxjager, M.J. in press. Selection for rhythm as a trigger for recursive evolution in the elaborate display system of woodpeckers. The American Naturalist.

Rieger, N. S., Fuxjager, M.J., Trainor, B.C., Zhao, X., and Marler, C.A. in press. Behavioral and neuroendocrine plasticity in the form of the winner and loser effects. In: O.C. Schultheiss and P.H. Mehta (Eds.). Routledge International Handbook of Social Neuroendocrinology. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Schuppe, E.R.§ and Fuxjager M.J. 2019. Phenotypic variation reveals sites of evolutionary constraint in the androgenic signaling system. Hormones and Behavior. 115: 104538. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2019.06.002

Zhao, X., Fuxjager, M.J., Quinnehtukqut, M. and Marler, C.A. 2019. Rapid effects of testosterone on social decision-making in a monogamous California mice (Peromyscus californicus). Hormones and Behavior. 115: 104544. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2019.06.008

Miles M.C.§ and Fuxjager, M.J. 2019. Phenotypic diversity arises from secondary signal loss in the elaborate visual displays of toucans and barbets. The American Naturalist. 194: 152-167. doi: 10.1086/704088

Vitousek, M.N., Johnson, M.A., Downs, C.J., Miller, E.T., Martin, L.B., Francis, C.D., Donald, J.W., Fuxjager, M.J., Goymann, W., Hau, M., Husak, J.F., Kircher, B.K., Knapp, R., Schoenle, L.A., and Williams, T.D. 2019. Macroevolutionary patterning in glucocorticoids suggests different selective pressures shape baseline and stress-induced levels. The American Naturalist. 193: 866-880. doi: 10.1086/703112

Miles, M.C.§ and Fuxjager, M.J. 2019. Social context modulates how the winner effect restructures territorial behavior in free-living woodpeckers. Animal Behaviour. 150: 209-218. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2019.02.011

Schlinger, B.A., Chiver, I., and Fuxjager, M.J. 2019. Hormonal and neuromuscular control of courtship displays. In J.C. Choe (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (2nd ed). Cambridge, USA: Academic Press.

Fuxjager, M.J. and Schuppe, E.R.§ 2018. Androgenic signaling systems and their role in behavioral evolution. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 184: 47-56. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2018.06.004

Miles, M.C.§, Goller, F. and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. Physiological constraint on acrobatic courtship behavior underlies rapid sympatric speciation in bearded manakins. eLIFE 7: e40630. doi: 10.7554/eLife.40630


Schuppe, E.R.§, Petersen, J.‡ and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. Woodpecker drumming behavior is linked to the elevated expression of genes that encode calcium handling proteins in the neck musculature. Journal of Experimental Biology 221: jeb180190. doi: 10.1242/jeb.180190

Miles, M.C.§ and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. Synergistic selection regimens drive the evolution of display complexity in birds of paradise. Journal of Animal Ecology. 87: 1149-1159. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12824

Miles, M.C.§, Vitousek, M.N., Husak, J.F., Johnson, M.A., Martin, L.B., Taff, C.C., Zimmer, C., Lovern, M.B., and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. Standing variation and the capacity for change: are endocrine phenotypes more variable than other traits? Integrative and Comparative Biology. 58: 751-762. (Cover article) doi: 10.1093/icb/icy062

Garamszegi, L.Z., Donald, J.W., Francis, C.D., Fuxjager, M.J., Goymann, W., Hau, M., Husak, J.F., Johnson, M.A., Kircher, B.K., Knapp, R., Martin, L.B., Miller, E.T., Schoenle, L.A., Vitousek, M.N., and Williams, T.D., and Wingfield, J.C. 2018. Phylogeny and diversification: levels of glucocorticoid hormones and speciation rate in birds. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 58: 763-776. doi: 10.1093/icb/icy086

Martin, L.B., Donald, J.W., Flock, T., Fuxjager, M.J., Goymann, W., Hau, M., Husak, J.F., Johnson, M.A., Kircher, B.K., Knapp, R., Miller, E.T., Schoenle, Williams, T.D., L.A., Vitousek, M.N., and Fancis, C.D. 2018. IUCN conservation status does not predict glucocorticoid concentrations in reptiles and birds. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 58: 800-813. doi: 10.1093/icb/icy102

Casagrande, S., Garamszegi, L.Z., Goymann, W., Donald, J., Francis, C.D., Fuxjager, M.J., Husak, J.F., Johnson, M.A., Kircher, B.K., Knapp, R., Martin, L.B., Miller, E.T., Schoenle, Vitousek, M.N., Williams, T.D., Wingfield, J.C., and Hau, M. 2018. Do seasonal glucocorticoid changes depend on reproductive investment? A comparative approach in birds. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 58: 739-750. doi: 10.1093/icb/icy022

Francis, C.D., Donald, J.W., Dowens, C.J., Fuxjager, M.J., Garamszegi, L.Z., Goymann, W., Hau, M., Husak, J.F., Johnson, M.A., Kircher, B.K., Knapp, R., Martin, L.B., Miller, E.T., Schoenle, L.A., Vitousek, M.N., and Williams, T.D. 2018. Metabolic scaling of stress hormones in vertebrate animals. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 58: 729-738. doi: 10.1093/icb/icy063

Vitousek, M.N., Johnson, M.A., Donald, J.W., Francis, C.D., Fuxjager, M.J., Goymann, W., Hau, M., Husak, J.F., Kircher, B.K., Knapp, R., Martin, L.B., Miller, E.T., Schoenle, L.A., Uehling, J.J., and Williams, T.D. 2018. HormoneBase, a population-level database of steroid hormone levels across vertebrates. Scientific Data. 5: 180097. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2018.97

Miles, M.C.§ and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. Animal choreography of song and dance: a case study in the Montezuma oropendola (Psarocolius Montezuma). Animal Behaviour. 140: 99-107.  doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2018.04.006

Miles, M.C.§, Schuppe, E.R.§, Ligon, R.M.‡, and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. Macroevolutionary patterning of woodpecker drums reveals how sexual selection elaborates signals under constraint. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 285: 20172628. (cover article) doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2628


Schuppe, E.R.§ and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. High-speed displays encoding motor skill trigger increased territorial aggression in downy woodpeckers. Functional Ecology. (cover article) 32: 450-460. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12993

Mangiamele, L.A. and Fuxjager, M.J. 2018. Insight into the neuroendocrine basis of signal evolution: a case study in foot flagging frogs.  Journal of Comparative Physiology, A. 204: 61-70. doi: 10.1007/s00359-017-1218-0 

Fuxjager, M.J., Miles, M.C.§, and Schlinger, B.A. 2018. Evolution of the androgen-induced male phenotype. Journal of Comparative Physiology, A. (cover article)204: 81-92. doi: 10.1007/s00359-017-1215-3


Fuxjager, M.J., Fusani, L., Goller, F., Trost, L., Ter Maat, A. Gahr, M., Chiver, I., Miller, R.M.‡, Chew, J.‡ and Schlinger, B.A. 2017. Neuromuscular mechanisms of an elaborate wing display in the golden-collared manakin (Manacus vitellinus). Journal of Experimental Biology. 220: 4681-4688. doi: 10.1242/jeb.167270

Fuxjager, M.J., Miles, M.C.§, Goller, F., Petersen, J.‡, and Yancey, Y.‡ 2017.  Androgens support male acrobatic courtship behavior by enhancing muscle speed and easing the severity of its trade-off with force. Endocrinology. 158: 4038-4046. doi: 10.1210/en.2017-00599

Garcia, SM, Kopuchian, C, Mindlin, GB, Fuxjager, MJ, Tubaro, P and Goller, F. 2017. Evolution of vocal diversity arises through morphological adaptation in the absence of vocal learning and complex neural control. Current Biology. 27: 2677-2683. dio: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.07.059

Fuxjager, MJ, Trainor, BC and Marler, CA 2017. What can animal research tell us about the link between androgens and social competition in humans? Hormones and Behavior. 92: 182-189. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.11.014


Miles MC§, Cheng S, and MJ Fuxjager. 2017. Biogeography predicts macro-evolutionary patterning of gestural display complexity in a passerine family. Evolution. 71: 1406-1416. (cover articledoi: 10.1111/evo.13213 

Fuxjager MJ, Xiao X, Riger N, and CA Marler. 2017. Why animals fight: uncovering the function and mechanisms of territorial aggression. American Psychological Association Handbook of Comparative Psychology. American Psychological Association: Washington DC., pg. 853-875.

Fuxjager MJ, Schuppe ER§, Hoang J‡, Chew J‡, Shah M‡, and Schlinger BA. 2016. Expression of 5α- and 5β-reductase in spinal cord and muscle of birds with different courtship repertoires. Frontiers in Zoology. 13:25. doi: 10.1186/s12983-016-0156-y

Mangiamele, L.A.*, Fuxjager, M.J.*, Schuppe, E.R.§, Taylor, R.S., Hödl, W., and Preininger, D. 2016. Increased androgenic sensitivity in the hind limb muscular system marks the evolution of a derived gestural display.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 113: 5664-5669.  doi: 10.1073/pnas.1603329113 (Cover Article) *Authors contributed equally to this work.

Friscia A, Sanin GD, Lindsay WR, Day LB, Schlinger BA, Tan J, and MJ Fuxjager. 2016. Adaptive evolution of a derived radius morphology in manakins (Aves, Pipridae) to support acrobatic display behavior. Journal of Morphology. 277: 766-775. doi: 10.1002/jmor.20534

Schuppe ER§, Sanin GD, and MJ Fuxjager. 2016. The social context of a territorial dispute differentially influences the way individuals in breeding pairs coordinate their aggressive tactics. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 70: 673-682. doi: 10.1007/s00265-016-2088-0

Fuxjager MJ, Goller F, Dirske A, Sanin GD, and S Garcia. 2016. Select forelimb muscles have evolved superfast contractile speed to support acrobatic social displays. eLIFE 5:e13544. doi: 10.7554/eLife.13544

Fuxjager MJ*, Lee J*, Chan T, Bahn J, Chew J, Xiao X, and BA Schlinger. 2016. Hormones, genes and athleticism: effect of androgens on the avian muscular transcriptome. Molecular Endocrinology. 30: 254-271. doi:  *Authors contributed equally to this work.

Fuxjager MJ, Eaton J, Lindsay WR, Salwiczek LH, Rensel MA, Barske J, Sorenson L, Day LB, and BA Schlinger. 2015. Evolutionary patterns of adaptive acrobatics and physical performance predict expression profiles of androgen receptor – but not estrogen receptor – in the forelimb musculature. Functional Ecology. 29: 1197-1208. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12438

Fuxjager MJ and BA Schlinger 2015. Perspectives on the evolution of animal dancing: a case study of manakins. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences. 6: 7-12. doi: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.06.007

Pultorak JD, Fuxjager MJ, Kalcounis-Rueppell MC, and CA Marler. 2015. Male fidelity expressed through rapid testosterone suppression of ultrasonic vocalizations to novel females in the monogamous California mouse. Hormones and Behavior. 70: 47-56. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2015.02.003

Fuxjager MJ, Knaebe B, and CA Marler. 2015. A single testosterone pulse rapidly reduces urinary marking behavior in subordinate, but not dominant, white-footed mice. Animal Behaviour. 100: 8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.11.006

Fusani L, Barske J, Day LB, Fuxjager MJ, and BA Schlinger. 2014. Physiological control of elaborate male courtship: female choice for neuromuscular systems. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 46: 534-546. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.07.017

Fuxjager MJ, Davidoff KR, Mangiamele LA, and KJ Lohmann. 2014. The geomagnetic environment in which sea turtle eggs incubate affects subsequent magnetic navigation behavior of hatchlings.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 218: 20141218. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1218

Fusani L, Donaldson Z, London SE, Mirzatoni A,  Fuxjager MJ, and BA Schlinger. 2014. Expression of androgen receptor in the brain of a non-oscine bird with an elaborate courtship display. Neuroscience Letters, 578: 61-65. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2014.06.028

Fuxjager, M.J., Heston, J.B. and B.A. Schlinger. 2014. Peripheral androgen action helps modulate vocal production in a suboscine passerine. The Auk, 131: 327-334. doi: 10.1642/AUK-13-252.1

Fuxjager, MJ, Alger SJ, and CA Marler. 2014. Hormones and Social Behavior. In: Animal Behavior, Vol. I: History, Causation, and Development (Eds. K. Yasukawa and Z. Tang-Martinez). Praeger.

Fuxjager, M.J., Longpre, K.M., Chew, J.G, Fusani, L. and Schlinger, B.A. 2013. Peripheral androgen receptors sustain the acrobatics and fine motor skill of elaborate male courtship. Endocrinology, 154: 3168-3177.

Schlinger, B.A., Barske, J., Day, L., Fusani, L. and Fuxjager, M.J. 2013. Hormones and the neuromuscular control of courtship in the golden-collared manakin (Manacus vitellinus). Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 34: 143-156.

Fuxjager, M.J., Barske, J., Du, S., Day, L. and Schlinger, B.A.. 2012. Androgens regulate gene expression in avian skeletal muscles. PLoS One, 7: e51482.

M.J. Fuxjager, J.D. Schultz, J Barske, N.Y. Feng, L. Fusani, A. Mirzatoni, L.B. Day, M. Hau and B.A. Schlinger. 2012. Spinal motor and sensory neurons are androgen targets in an acrobatic bird. Endocrinology, 153: 3780-3791.

Lopez, J.K. and Fuxjager, M.J. 2012. Self-deception’s adaptive value: effects of positive thinking and the winner effect. Consciousness and Cognition, 21: 315-324.

Fuxjager, M.J., Montgomery, J.L., and Marler, C.A. 2011. Species differences in the winner effect disappear in response to post-victory testosterone manipulations. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 278: 3497-3503.

Fuxjager, M.J., Oyegbile, T.O. and C.A. Marler. 2011. Independent and additive contributions of post-victory testosterone and social experience to the development of the winner effect. Endocrinology, 152: 3422-3429.

Fuxjager, M.J., Eastwood, B.S. and Lohmann, K.J. 2011. Orientation of hatchling loggerhead sea turtles to regional magnetic fields along a transoceanic migratory pathway. Journal of Experimental Biology, 214: 2504-2508. (Cover Article)

Fuxjager, M.J., Foufopoulos, J., Díaz-Uriarte, R. and Marler, C.A. 2011. Functionally opposing effects of testosterone on two different types of parasite: implications of for the immunocompetence handicap hypothesis. Functional Ecology, 25: 132-138.

Fuxjager, M.J., Montgomery, J.L., Becker, E.A. and Marler, C.A. 2010. Deciding to win: interactive effects of residency, resources, and ‘boldness’ on contest outcome in white-footed mice. Animal Behaviour, 80: 921-927.

Fuxjager, M.J., Forbes-Lorman, R.L., Coss, D.J., Auger, C.J., Auger, A.P. and Marler, C.A. 2010. Winning territorial disputes selectively enhances androgen sensitivity in neural pathways related to motivation and social aggression. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 107: 12393-12398.

Fuxjager, M.J. and Marler, C.A. 2010. How and why the winner effect forms: influences of contest environment and species differences. Behavioral Ecology, 21: 37-45.

Gleason, E.D*, Fuxjager, M.J.*, Oyegbile, T.O. and Marler, C.A. 2009. Testosterone release and social context: When it occurs and why. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 30: 460-469. *Authors contributed equally to this work

Fuxjager, M.J., Mast, G., Becker, E.A., and Marler, C.A. 2009. The ‘home advantage’ is necessary for the full winner effect and post-encounter changes in testosterone. Hormones and Behavior, 56: 214-219. (Cover Article)